Rancho La Brea Publications

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Adli, J. J., Cherney, M. D., Fisher, D. C., Harris, J. M., Farrell, A. B., & Cox, S. M. 2015. Last Years of Life and Season of Death of a Columbian Mammoth from Rancho La Brea. La Brea and beyond: The paleontology of asphalt-preserved biotas, ed. JM Harris. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series, (42), 65-80.

Agenbroad, L. D. & Mead, J. I. 1986. Large carnivores from Hot Springs Mammoth Site, South Dakota. National Geographic Research, 2 (4), 508-516.

Akersten, W. A. 1979. Genesis of Rancho La Brea fossil deposits. Annual Meeting of the Southern California Academy of Sciences. (Abstract #56), 28.

Akersten, W. A. 1980. Fossils in asphalt. Science, 208, 550.

Akersten, W.A. 1984. Metro Rail meets the Tar Pits. Terra Magazine: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 23 (1), 17-20.

Akersten, W. A. 1985. Canine function in Smilodon (Mammalia: Felidae: Machairodontinae). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Contributions in Science, 356, 1-22.

Akersten, W. A. 1985. Of dragons and sabertooths. Terra Magazine, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County,  23 (5), 13-19.

Akersten, W. A. 1991. Entrapping pools or flowing streams at Rancho La Brea? Both! Annual Meeting of the Southern California Academy of Sciences. (Abstract #1).

Akersten, W. A., Foppe, T. M., & Jefferson, G. T. 1988. New source of dietary data for extinct herbivores. Quaternary Research, 30, 92-97. The University of Washington.

Akersten, W. A., Reynolds, R. L., & Tejada-Flores, A. E. 1979. Research notes: New mammalian records from the late Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 78 (2), 141-143.

Akersten, W. A., Shaw, C. A., & Jefferson, G. T. 1983. Rancho La Brea: Status and future. Paleobiology, 9 (3), 211-217.

Albareda, R-M. 1992. Etude biogeochimique de restes fossils du Geiseltal, de Rancho de Brea et de Teghenif:  Extraction et caracterisation de leur matiere organique. Master of Science Thesis, Universite des Sciences et Techniques due Languedoc.

Anderson, E. 1968. Fauna of the Little Box Elder Cave, Converse County, Wyoming. University of Colorado Studies, Earth Science Series, 6, 1-59.

Anderson, R. S., S. Starratt, R. M. B. Jass, and N. Pinter. 2010. Fire and vegetation history on Santa Rosa Island, Channel Islands, and long-term environmental change in southern California. Journal of Quaternary Science 25 (5): 782-797.

Andersson, K., Norman D. & Werdelin L. 2011. Sabretoothed Carnivores and the Killing of Large Prey. PLoS ONE 6(10)

Anyonge, W. 1992. Body mass and locomotor adaptations in large extinct and extant carnivores. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 12 (Supplement to #3), 16A. [Abstract]

Anyonge, W. 1993. Body mass in large extant and extinct carnivores. Journal of Zoology, London, 231, 339-350.

Anyonge, W. 1996. Microwear on canines and killing behavior in large carnivores: Saber function in Smilodon fatalis. Journal of Mammalogy, 77 (4), 1059-1067.

Anyonge, W. & Baker, A. 2006. Craniofacial morphology and feeding behavior in Canis dirus, the extinct Pleistocene dire wolf. Journal of Zoology, 269, 309-316.

Anyonge, W. & Roman, C. 2006. New body mass estimates for Canis dirus, the extinct Pleistocene dire wolf. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 26 (1), 209-212.

Arnold, R. & Anderson, R. 1907. Metamorphism by combustion of the hydrocarbons in the oil-bearing shale of California. Journal of Geology, 15 (8), 750-758.

Ashworth, A. C. 1979. Quaternary Coleoptera studies in North America: Past and present. In T. L. Erwin, G. E. Ball, & D. R. Whitehead (Eds.), Carabid beetles: Their evolution, natural history, and classification: Proceedings of the First International Symposium of Carabidology, (pp. 395-406).

Ashworth, A. C . 2001. Chapter 8: Perspectives on Quaternary Beetles and Climate Change. In (L. C . Gerhard, W. E. Harrison, and B . M . Hanson, eds.), 153- 168, Geological Perspectives of Global Climate Change.  American Association of Petroleum Geologists Studies in Geology #47, Tulsa, Oklahoma.

Axelrod, D. I. 1967. Quaternary extinctions of large mammals. University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 74, 1-42.

Axelrod, D. I. 1981. Holocene climatic changes in relation to vegetation disjunction and speciation. The American Naturalist 117 (6): 847-870.

Azzaroli, A. 1966. Pleistocene and living horses of the Old World. Palaeontolographica Italica, 61, 1-15.

Baker, C. C. 1914. Mexican Land Grants In California. Annual Publication of the Historical Society of Southern California, 9(3), 236-243.

Baquirin, J-P. M. 2010. Application of Metagenomics for identification of novel petroleum hydrocarbon degrading enzymes in natural asphalts from the Rancho La Brea tar pits. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Riverside.

Barnett, R I. Barnes, M. J. Phillips, L. D. Martin, C. R. Harington, J. A. Leonard & Cooper, A. 2005. Evolution of the extinct sabertooths and the American cheetah-like cat. Current Biology 15 (15):589-590.

Barnett, R., Shapiro, B., Ho, S. Y., Barnes, I., Burger, J., Yamaguchi, N., Higham, T., Wheeler, H. T., Rosendhal, W., Sher, A. V., Baryshnikov, G., & Cooper, A. 2009. Phylogeography of lions (Panthera leo spp.) reveals three distinct taxa and a late Pleistocene reduction in genetic diversity. Molecular Ecology, 18, 1668-1677. 

Barrows, A. G. 1970. New excavations for fossils at Rancho La Brea, Los Angeles. Mineral Information Service, 23 (1), 14-15.

Beck, M. W. 1996. On discerning the cause of late Pleistocene megafaunal extinctions. Paleobiology, 91-103.

Bedrossian, T. L. 1975. Vertebrate fossils and the history of animals with backbones. California Geology, 28 (11), 234-259.

Belcher, R. W., Huynh, K. V., Hoangy, T. V., & Crowley, D. E. 2012. Isolation of biosurfactant-producing bacteria from the Rancho La Brea Tar Pits. World Journal of Microbiology & Technology.

Bell, C. J. & Dundas, R. G. 1993. Fossil lizards from Rancho La Brea in the collections of the University of California Museum of Paleontology. PaleoBios, 15 (2), 14-17.

Bell, C. J. & Whistler, D. P. 1996. Fossil remains of the legless lizard, Aniella gray, 1852, from late Pleistocene deposits at Rancho La Brea, California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 95 (2), 99-102.

Bennett, C. G. 1938. A history of Rancho La Brea to 1900. Doctoral dissertation, University of Southern California.

Berger, R. 1975. Advances and results in radiocarbon dating: Early man in America. World Archaeology, 7(2), 174-184.

Berger, R. 1992. Libby’s UCLA radiocarbon laboratory: contributions to archaeology. In Radiocarbon After Four Decades, Springer New York,  (pp. 421-434)

Berger, R. & Libby, W. F. 1966. UCLA radiocarbon dates V. Radiocarbon, 8, 467-497.

Berger, R. & Libby, W. F. 1968. UCLA radiocarbon dates VIII. Radiocarbon, 10 (29), 402-416.

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Besser, R. 1977. The La Brea story and the history of man. George C. Page Museum, La Brea Discoveries. The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County.

Bever, G. S. 2005. Morphometric variation in the cranium, mandible, and dentition of Canis latrans and Canis lepophagus (Carnivora: Canidae) and its implications for the identification of isolated fossil specimens. The Southwestern Naturalist, 50(1), 42-56.

Bierstedt, A., Stankiewicz, B.A., Briggs, D.E.G. and Evershed, R.P. 1998. Quantitative and qualitative analysis of chitin in fossil arthropods: comparison of a colorimetric assay and Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry.  The Analyst 123, 139-145.

Biknevicius, A. R., B. Van Valkenburgh, and J. Walker.1996.  Incisor size and shape: implications for feeding behaviors in saber-toothed ''cats''.  Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 16(3):510-521.

Binder, W.J. 2011. It’s complicated: Changes in Canis dirus teeth and limbs at Rancho La Brea give similar evidence of opposing trends over time. Society of Vertebrate Paleontology 71st Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, Nevada. [Abstract].

Binder, W.J., Thompson, E.N. & Van Valkenburgh, B. 2002. Temporal variation in tooth fracture among Rancho La Brea dire wolves. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 22(2):423–428.

Binder, W.J. & Van Valkenburgh, B. 2010. A comparison of tooth wear and breakage in Rancho La Brea sabertooth cats and dire wolves across time. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 30 (1), 255-261.

Binder W.J., Cervantes, K.S. & Meachen, J.A. 2016. Measures of Relative Dentary Strength in Rancho La Brea Smilodon fatalis over Time. PLoS ONE 11(9)e0162270. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0162270

Binkly, J. (Ed.) 1979. Putting California’s museums on exhibit. Silver Circle News, 25 (Fall 1979), 20-23.

Bischoff, J. L. & Rosenbauer, R. J. 1981. Uranium series dating of human skeletal remains from the Del Mar and Sunnyvale sites, California. Science, 213, 1003-1005.

Bjorkengren, A. G., Sartoris, D. J., Shermis, S., & Resnick, D. (1987). Patterns of paravertebral ossification in the prehistoric saber-toothed cat. American Journal of Roentgenology, 148(4), 779-782.

Black, C. C. 1992. From the director. Terra Magazine, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 31 (1), 2.

Bochenski, Z. & Campbell, K. E. 2006. The extinct California turkey, Meleagris californica, from Rancho La Brea: Comparative osteology and systematics. Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History Contributions in Science, 509, 1-92.

Bohlin, B. 1940. Food habit of the Machaerodonts, with special regard to Smilodon. Bulletin of the Geological Institute, Upsala, 28, 157-174.

Bohlin, B. 1947. The sabretoothed tigers once more. Bulletin of the Geological Institute, Upsala, 32, 11-20.

Borell, A. E. 1936. A modern La Brea tar pit. The Auk, 53, 298-300.

Bovard, J. F. 1907. Notes on Quaternary Felidae from CaliforniaUniversity of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology, 5 (10). In A. C. Lawson (Ed.), University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 1906-1910, (pp. 155-170). Berkeley: University of California Press.

Brannick, A. L. 2014. Shape evolution and sexual dimorphism in the mandible of the dire wolf, Canis Dirus, at Rancho la Brea. Master of Science Thesis, Marshal University.

Brannick, A. L., Meachen, J. A., & O’Keefe, F. R. 2015. Microevolution of Jaw Shape in the Dire Wolf, Canis dirus, at Rancho La Brea. La Brea and beyond: The paleontology of asphalt-preserved biotas, ed. JM Harris. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series, (42), 23-32.

Branning, T. 1977. Oily grave of extinction. Seventy Six, Sept./Oct., 1977, 56 (5), 32-36. Union Oil Company of California.

Brattstrom, B. H. 1953. The amphibians and reptiles from Rancho La Brea. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History, 11, 365-392.

Bromage, T. G. & Shermis, S. 1981. The La Brea Woman (HC 1323): Descriptive analysis. Society of California Archaeology, Occasional Papers, 3, 59-75.

Brown, C., Curd, E. & Friscia, A. 2017. An Actualistic experiment to determine skeletonization and disarticulation in the La Brea tar seeps. PALAIOS 32:119-124; doi:10.2110/palo.2016.074

Brown, C., Balisi, M., Shaw, C. A. & Van Valkenburgh, B. 2017. Skeletal trauma reflects hunting behaviour in extinct sabre-tooth cats and dire wolves. Nature Ecology & Evolution doi.org/10.1038/s41559-017-0131

Brown, K. E., Akersten, W. A., & Scott, E. 2015. Equus occidentalis. Leidy From “Asphalto,” Kern County, California. La Brea and beyond: The paleontology of asphalt-preserved biotas, ed. JM Harris. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series, (42), 81-89.

Bryan, W. A. 1927. A Pleistocene park in the making. Los Angeles Museum Graphic, 1 (3), 77-82.

Bryant, H. N., 1996.  Force generation by the jaw adductor musculature at different gapes in the Pleistocene sabretoothed felid Smilodon.  In: Stewart, K. M., Seymour K. L. (Eds.), Palaeoecology and Palaeoenvironments of Late Cenozoic Mammals.  Univ. of Toronto Press, Toronto, Canada, pp. 283-299.    

Bryant, H. N. 2009. Implications of the dental eruption sequence in Barbourofelis (Carnivora, Nimravidae) for the function of upper canines and the duration of parental care in sabretoothed carnivores. Journal of Zoology 222: 585-590.

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Burroughs, H. 1938. Pleistocene reborn: Prehistoric beasts feature of Los Angeles park. Nature Magazine, 31 (6), 329-332.

Camp, C. L. 1917. An extinct toad from Rancho La Brea. University of California Publications Bulletin of the Department of Geological Services, 10 (17), 287-292. [TYPE: Berkeley: Bufo nestor sp. nov.]

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Campbell, K. E. Jr. 1980. Papers in avian paleontology honoring Hildegarde Howard. Contributions in Science, 330, 1-260. Los Angeles County Museum.

Campbell, K. E. Jr. 1992. The Teratorns. Terra Magazine, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 31 (1), 24.

Campbell, K. E. Jr. 1993. A new look at the Rancho La Brea avifauna. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 13 (Supplement to #3), 28A. [Abstract].

Campbell, K. E. Jr. 1995. A review of the cranes (Aves: Gruidae) of Rancho La Brea, with the description of a new species. Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History Contributions in Science, 452, 1-13. [TYPE, Page: Grus paei sp. nov.]

Campbell, K. E. 2002. A new species of late Pleistocene lapwing from Rancho La Brea, California. The Condor, 104(1), 170-174.

Campbell, K. E. Jr. & Bochenski, Z. 2005. The extinct California turkey, Meleagris californica, from Rancho La Brea. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 25 (Supplement to #3), 42 A. [Abstract].

Campbell, K. E. Jr. & Bochenski, Z. 2010. A new genus for the extinct late Pleistocene owl Strix brea Howard (Aves: Strigiformes) from Rancho La Brea, California. Records of the Australian Museum, 62, 123-144.

Campbell K. E. & Bocheński Z. 2012. Two new late Pleistocene miniature owls from Rancho La Brea, California. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. in press

Campbell Jr, K. E., & Bochenski, Z. M. 2015. The Owls (Aves: Strigiformes) of Rancho La Brea. La Brea and beyond: The paleontology of asphalt-preserved biotas, ed. JM Harris. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series, (42), 5-21.

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Carlon, B. & Hubbard, C. 2011. Morphometric analysis of Rancho La Brea felid ilia. Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, 71st Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, NV. [Abstract].

Chandler, A. C. 1914. Antelopes in the fauna of Rancho La Brea. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 25, 25-155.

Chamberlain, C. P., J. R. Waldbauer, K. Fox-Dobbs, S. D. Newsome, P. L. Koch, D. R. Smith, M. E. Church, S. D. Chamberlain, K. J. Sorenson, and R. Risebrough. 2005. Pleistocene to recent dietary shifts in California condors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102 (46): 16707-16711.

Chandler, A. C. 1916. The bison of Rancho La Brea. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 27, 170. [Abstract].

Chandler, A. C. 1916. Notes on Capromeryx material from the Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea. University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology/University of California Publications in Geology, 9 (10. Found in A. C. Lawson, & J. C. Merriam, (Eds.), University of California Publications in Geological Sciences),1915-1916, (pp. 111-120). Berkeley: University of California Press.

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Christiansen, P. & Harris, J. M. 2012. Variation in Craniomandibular Morphology and Sexual Dimorphism in Pantherines and the Sabercat Smilodon fatalis. PLoS ONE 7 (10)

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Merriam, J. C. & Stock, C. 1932. The Felidae of Rancho La Brea. [TYPE: Page: Felis bituminosa sp. nov.; Smilodon californicus brevipes ssp. nov.]. Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication #422. Washington, D. C.: Carnegie Institution of Washington. [Two copies, one hardback one paperback.]

Miller, A. H. 1929. Additions to the Rancho La Brea avifauna. In J. Grinnell (Ed.), The Condor, 31 (5), (pp. 223-224). Berkeley: Cooper Ornithological Club.

Miller, A. H. 1929. The passerine remains from Rancho La Brea in the paleontological collection of the University of California. University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geological Sciences, 19 (1). In G. D. Louderback (Ed.), University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 1929-1931, (pp. 1-22). Berkeley: University of California Press. 

Miller, A. H. 1937. Biotic associations and life-zones in relation to the Pleistocene birds of California. In J. Grinnell (Ed.), The Condor, 39 (6), (pp. 248-252). Berkeley: Cooper Ornithological Club. 

Miller, A. H. 1947. A new genus of icterid from Rancho La Brea. [TYPE: Page: Pandanaris convexa gen. et sp. nov.]. In A. H. Miller (Ed.), The Condor, 49 (1), (pp. 22-24). Berkeley: Cooper Ornithological Club. 

Miller, G. J. 1968. On the age distribution of Smilodon californicus bovard from Rancho La Brea. Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History Contributions in Science, 131, 1-17.

Miller, G. J. 1969. A new hypothesis to explain the method of food ingestion used by Smilodon californicus bovard. Idaho State Museum Tebiwa, 12 (1), 9-19.

Miller, G. J. 1969. A study of cuts, grooves, and other marks on recent and fossil bone: I. Animal tooth marks. Idaho State Museum Tebiwa 12 (1), 20-26.

Miller, G. J. 1969. Man and Smilodon: A preliminary report on their possible coexistence at Rancho La Brea. Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History Contributions in Science, 163, 1-8.

Miller, G. J. 1970. The Rancho La Brea project: 1969-1970. Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History Quarterly, 9 (1), 26-30.

Miller, G. J. 1971. Science and education at the Tar Pits (Part 1). Ward’s Bulletin, 11 (79), 1, 4, 6. Rochester, NY: Ward’s Natural Science Establishment, Inc.

Miller, G. J. 1971. Some new and improved methods for recovering and preparing fossils as developed on the Rancho La Brea project. Curator, 14 (4), 293-307.

Miller, G. J. 1972. Science and education at the Tar Pits (Part 2). Ward’s Bulletin, 11 (80), 1, 4-5. Rochester, NY: Ward’s Natural Science Establishment, Inc.

Miller, G. J. 1975. A study of cuts, grooves, and other marks on recent and fossil bones: II. Weathering cracks, fractures, splinters, and other similar natural phenomena. In E. Swanson (Ed.), Lithic technology, (pp. 211-226). The Hague: Mouton Publishing.

Miller, G. J. 1979. Some new evidence in support of the stabbing hypothesis for Smilodon. Annual Meeting of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 1979 (Abstract #59), 30.

Miller, G. J. 1983. Some new evidence in support of the stabbing hypothesis for Smilodon californicus bovard. Carnivore, 3 (2), 8-19.

Miller, G. J. 1984. On the jaw mechanism of Smilodon californicus bovard and some other carnivores. Imperial Valley College Museum Occasional Paper, 7, 1-107.

Miller, L. H. 1909. Pavo californicus, a fossil peacock from the Quaternary asphalt beds of Rancho La Brea. University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology, 5 (19). In A. C. Lawson (Ed.), University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 1906-1910, (pp. 285-289). Berkeley: University of California Press. 

Miller, L. H. 1909. Teratornis, a new avian genus from Rancho La Brea. University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology, 5 (21). In A. C. Lawson (Ed.), University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 1906-1910, (pp. 305-317). Berkeley: University of California Press. 

Miller, L. H. 1910. Fossil birds from the Quaternary of Southern California. In J. Grinnell (Ed.), The Condor, 12 (1), (pp. 12-15). Hollywood, CA: Cooper Ornithological Club of California. 

Miller, L. H. 1910. Wading birds from the Quaternary asphalt beds of Rancho La Brea. University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology, 5 (30). In A. C. Lawson (Ed.), University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 1906-1910, (pp. 439-448). Berkeley: University of California Press.

Miller, L. H. 1910. The condor-like vultures of Rancho La Brea. [TYPE: Page: Sarcorhamphus clarki sp. nov.; Berkeley: Pleistogyps rex gen. nov.; Cathortornis gracilis sp. nov.]. University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology, 6 (1). In A. C. Lawson, & J. C. Merriam (Eds.), University of California Publications in Geological Sciences,1910-1911, (pp. 1-19). Berkeley: University of California Press. 

Miller, L. H. 1911. A series of eagle tarsi from the Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea. University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology. , 6 (12). In A. C. Lawson, & J. C. Merriam (Eds.), University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 1910-1911, (pp. 305-316). Berkeley: University of California Press. 

Miller, L. H. 1911. A synopsis of our knowledge concerning the fossil birds of the Pacific coast of North America. In J. Grinnell (Ed.), The Condor, 13 (4), (pp. 117-118). Hollywood, CA: Cooper Ornithological Club of California. 

Miller, L. H. 1912. Contributions to avian paleontology from the Pacific coast of North America. University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology/University of California Publications in Geology, 7 (5). In A. C. Lawson, & J. C. Merriam (Eds.), University of California Publications in Geological Sciences,1912-1914, (pp. 61-115). Berkeley: University of California Press. 

Miller. L. H. 1915. A walking eagle from Rancho La Brea. [TYPE: Page: Morphnus daggetti sp. nov.]. In J. Grinnell (Ed.), The Condor, 17 (5), (pp. 179-181). Hollywood, CA: Cooper Ornithological Club. 

Miller, L. H. 1916. A review of the species Pavo californicus. [TYPE, Berkeley: Parapavo californicus gen. nov.] University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology/University of California Publications in Geology, 9 (7). In A. C. Lawson, & J. C. Merriam (Eds.), University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 1915-1916, (pp. 89-96). Berkeley: University of California Press. 

Miller, L. H. 1916. The owl remains from Rancho La Brea. University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology/University of California Publications in Geology, 9 (8). In A. C. Lawson, & J. C. Merriam (Eds.), University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 1915-1916, (pp. 97-104). Berkeley: University of California Press. 

Miller, L.H. 1916. Two vulturid raptors from the Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea. [TYPE, Berkeley: Neophrontops americanus gen. et sp. nov.; Neogyps errans gen. et sp. nov.] University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology/University of California Publications in Geology, 9 (9). In A. C. Lawson, & J. C. Merriam (Eds.), University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 1915-1916, (pp. 105-109). Berkeley: University of California Press. 

Miller, L. H. 1921. A synopsis of California’s fossil birds. In J. Grinnell (Ed.), The Condor, 23 (4), (pp. 129-130). Berkeley: Cooper Ornithological Club. 

Miller, L. H. 1924. Anomalies in the distribution of fossil gulls. In J. Grinnell (Ed.), The Condor, 26 (5), (pp.173-174). Berkeley:  Cooper Ornithological Club.

Miller, L. H. 1925. The birds of Rancho La Brea. Extracted from Carnegie Institution of Washington Publication #349, (pp. 63-106).

Miller, L. H. 1927. Bird remains. Science, 66 (1702), 2. [Pleistocene fauna and flora.] [See Stock, C. (1927).].

Miller, L. H. 1927. The falcons of the McKittrick Pleistocene. In J. Grinnell (Ed.), The Condor, 29 (3), (pp.150-152). Berkeley: Cooper Ornithological Club. 

Miller. L. H. 1929. The fossil birds of California. University of California, Los Angeles, Faculty Research Lecture (pp. 1-14).

Miller, L. H. 1931. Pleistocene birds from the Carpinteria asphalt of California. University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geological Sciences, 20 (10). In G. D. Louderback, R. W. Chaney, & H. Williams (Eds.), University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 1931-1932, (pp. 361-374). Berkeley: University of California Press. 

Miller, L. H. 1932. The Pleistocene storks of California. In J. Grinnell (Ed.), The Condor, 34 (5), (pp. 212-216). Berkeley: Cooper Ornithological Club. 

Miller, L. H. 1932. Two Pleistocene avifaunas from the Carpinteria asphalt. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 43, 291.

Miller, L. H. 1935. A second avifauna from the McKittrick Pleistocene (with three charts). In J. Grinnell (Ed.), The Condor, 37 (2), (pp. 72-79). Berkeley: Cooper Ornithological Club. 

Miller, L. H. 1937. Feather studies on the California condor. In J. Grinnell (Ed.), The Condor, 39 (4), (pp. 160-162). Berkeley: Cooper Ornithological Club. 

Miller, L. 1938. A study of the skull of the Pleistocene stork, Ciconia maltha, Miller. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History, 3 (4), 455-462.

Miller, L. H. 1940. A new Pleistocene turkey from Mexico (with two illustrations). In J. Grinnell (Ed.), The Condor, 42 (3), (pp. 154-156). Berkeley: Cooper Ornithological Club. 

Miller, L. H. & Howard, H. 1938. The status of the extinct condor-like birds of the Rancho La Brea Pleistocene. Publications of the University of California, Los Angeles in Biological Sciences, 1 (9), 169-176.

Miller, S. E. 1979. Pleistocene insects of Rancho La Brea and other California asphalt deposits. Annual Meeting of the Southern California Academy of
Sciences
, 1979 (Abstract #92), 46.

Miller, S. E. 1982. Quaternary insects of the California asphalt deposits. Proceedings of the Third North American Paleontological Convention 2, 377-379.

Miller, S. E. 1983. Late Quaternary insects of Rancho La Brea and McKittrick, California. Quaternary Research, 20, 90-104.

Miller, S. E, Gordon, R. D., & Howden, H. F. 1981. Reevaluation of Pleistocene scarab beetles from Rancho La Brea, California (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 83 (4), 625-630.

Miller, S. E. & Peck, S. B. 1979. Fossil carrion beetles of Pleistocene California asphalt deposits, with a synopsis of Holocene California Silphidae (Insecta: Coleoptera: Silphidae). Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History, 19 (8), 85-106.

Miller, W. E. 1968. Occurrence of a giant bison, Bison latifrons, and a slender-limbed camel, Tanupolama, at Rancho La Brea. Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History Contributions in Science, 147, 1-9.

Miller, W. E. & Brotherson, J. D. 1979. Size variation in foot elements of bison from Rancho La Brea. Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History Contributions in Science, 323, 1-19.

Molina, S.  and D R. Prothero. 2011. Stasis in late Quaternary Golden Eagles from La Brea tar pits over the last glacial-interglacial cycle. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin 53: 564–569.

Moodie, R. L. 1918. Paleontological evidences of the antiquity of disease. Scientific Monthly, September 1918, 265-281.

Moodie, R. L. 1918. Studies in paleopathology: Pathological evidences of disease among ancient races of man and extinct animals. Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics, November 1918, 498-510.

Moodie, R. L. 1922. On the endocranial anatomy of some Oligocene and Pleistocene mammals. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 34, 343-379.

Moodie, R. L. 1923. Paleopathology: An introduction to the study of ancient evidences of disease. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

Moodie, R. L. 1926. La paleopatholigie des mammifers due Pleistocene. Biologie Medicale, 16, 431-440.

Moodie, R. L 1927. Studies in paleopathology 20: Vertebral lesions in the sabre-tooth, Pleistocene of California, resembling the so-called myositis ossificans progressiva, compared with certain ossifications in the dinosaurs. Annals of Medical History, 9 (1), 91-102.

Moodie, R. L. 1928. Studies in paleodontology 4: The evidences of pyorrhea, dead teeth, and gingival infections in the mandibles of the Pleistocene giant wolf (Aenocyon dirus) from Rancho La Brea. Pacific Dental Gazette, 36, 414-419.

Moodie, R. L. 1929. Excess callus in Pleistocene bird. American Journal of Science, Series 5, 17 (97), 81-84. In R. L. Moodie, Papers on paleopathology (not paginated). [Bound papers and journal articles.] (Copy also found in Moodie, R. L. file.)

Moodie, R. L. 1929. Studies in paleodontology 16: The California sabre-tooth: The mandibular teeth and associated structures. Pacific Dental Gazette, 37 (6), 317-321.

Moodie, R. L. 1929. Studies in paleodontology, 17: The California sabre-tooth: Two impactions and an abscess. Pacific Dental Gazette, 37 (12), 767-770.

Moodie, R. L. 1929. Studies in paleodontology, 20: The teeth and jaws of Nothrotherium. Pacific Dental Gazette, 37 (11): 677-680.

Moodie, R. L. 1930. Studies in paleodontology, 22: Apical closure of root canals in adult Pleistocene Carnivora. Pacific Dental Gazette, 38 (1), 1-4.

Moodie, R. L. 1929. Studies in paleodontology, 25: The California sabre-tooth: facial asymmetry following loss of sabre. Pacific Dental Gazette, 37 (12), 764-766.

Moodie, R. L. 1930. Studies in paleopathology 25: Hypertrophy in the sacrum of the sabre tooth, Pleistocene of Southern California. The American Journal of Surgery, New Series, 8 (6), 1313-1315. In R. L. Moodie, Papers on paleopathology (not paginated). [Bound papers and journal articles.]

Moodie, R. L. 1930. Studies in paleopathology 26: Pleistocene luxations. [Rancho La Brea fauna.] The American Journal of Surgery, New Series, 9 (2), 348-362. In R. L. Moodie, Papers on paleopathology (not paginated). [Bound papers and journal articles.]

Moodie, R. L. 1930. Studies in paleopathology 27: A suggestion of rickets in the Pleistocene. The American Journal of Surgery, 10 (1), 162-163. In R. L. Moodie, Papers on paleopathology (not paginated). [Bound papers and journal articles.]

Moodie, R. L. 1930. Studies in paleopathology 28: The phenomenon of sacralization in the Pleistocene sabre-tooth. The American Journal of Surgery, New Series, 10 (3), 587-589. In R. L. Moodie, Papers on paleopathology (not paginated). [Bound papers and journal articles.]

Moodie, R. L. 1930. The ancient life of Yuma County, Arizona. Scientific Monthly, 31, 401-407.

Moore, I., & Miller, S. E. 1978. Fossil rove beetles from Pleistocene California asphalt deposits (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Coleoptera Bulletin, 32 (1), 37-39.

Mount, R. L. 1972. Abrasive techniques greatly enhance fossil recovery. Abrasive Engineering, 19 (5), 16-19. Hitchcock Publishing.

Muñoz-Duran, J., and B. Van Valkenburgh. 2006. The Rancholabrean record of Carnivora: taphonomic effect of body size, habitat breadth, and the preservation potential of Caves. Palaios 21 (5): 424-430.

Murray, C. S. 1977. The thrill of discovery. Los Angeles Times Home magazine, March 6, 1977. The Los Angeles Times. [Brief biography of George C. Page on page 6 of magazine.].

Nagano, C. D. Miller, S. E., & Morgan, A. V. 1982. Fossil tiger beetles (Coleoptera: Cicindelidae): review and new Quaternary records. Psyche, 89 (3-4), 339-346.

Naples, V. L. 1987. Reconstruction of cranial morphology and analysis of function in the Pleistocene ground sloth Nothrotheriops shastense (Mammalia: Megatheriidae). Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Contributions in Science, 389, 1-21.

Naples, V. L. 1989. The feeding mechanism in the Pleistocene ground sloth, Glossotherium. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Contributions in Science, 415, 1-23.

Naples, V. L. 1990. Morphological changes in the facial region and model of dental growth and war pattern development in Nothrotheriops shastensis. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 10 (3), 372-389.

Naples, V. L., Martin, L. D. & Babiarz, J. P. (Eds.), Wheeler, H. T. (Graphics Ed.). 2011. The other saber-tooths: Scimitar-tooth cats of the Western Hemisphere. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Naples, V. L., & Wheeler, H. T. 2000. A non-human predator of mammoths, or mammoths as cat food? Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 20 (Supplement to #3), 60A.

Ney, R. W. C., and E. C. Jeffrey. 1922. Flora of the Rancho La Brea. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 33, 204.

Nigra, J. O. & Lance, J. F. 1947. A statistical study of the metapodials of the dire wolf group from the Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 46 (1), 26-34.

Nowak, R. M. 1979. North American Quaternary Canis. Monograph of the Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, 6, 1-154.

Nudds, J., and P. Selden. 2008, Fossil–Lagerstätten. Geology Today, 24(4), 153-158.

O’Keefe, F. R., Fet, E. V. & Harris, J. M. 2009. Compilation, calibration, and synthesis of faunal and floral radiocarbon dates, Rancho La Brea, California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Contributions in Science, 518 (Dec. 2009), 4.

O'Keefe F. R., Binder, W.J., Frost, S.R., Sadlier, R.W. & Van Valkenburgh, B. 2014. Cranial morphometrics of the dire wolf, Canis dirus, at Rancho La Brea: temporal variability and its links to nutrient stress and climate. Palaeontologia Electronica

Olsen, S. F. 1982. Caribou Creek. Audubon, 1982 (March) , 42-43. [Essay makes mention of La Brea museum and fauna.].

Olson, S. L. 1991. The fossil record of the genus Mycteria (Ciconiidae) in North America. The Condor 93: 1004-1006.

Olson, S. L. 2007. The “Walking Eagle” Wetmoregyps daggetti Miller: a scaled-up version of the Savanna Hawk (Buteogallus meridionalis). Ornithological Monographs No. 63: 110-114.

Olympia & York/O’M. & M. Associates (Presenters). 1990. Journey through time: Artifacts from the collection of the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. July 6, 1990 to November 28, 1990, 400 South Hope Street Gallery, Los Angeles, California. [A catalog of items on exhibit in the public exhibition program with some description and historical notes.].

Orcutt, M. L. 1954. The discovery in 1901 of the La Brea fossil beds. Historical Society of Southern California Quarterly, 36 (4), 338-341.

Orr, P. C. 1969. Felis trumani, a new radiocarbon dated cat skull from Crypt Cave, Nevada. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Bulletin of the Department of Geology, 2, 1-8.

Osborn, H. F. 1925. Mammals and birds of the California tar pools: Rancho La Brea and McKittrick. Natural History, [no volume or issue #], 527-543.

Oswalt, S. S. 1979. Artifacts of Rancho La Brea. Annual Meeting of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 1979 (Abstract # 84), 42.

Owen, P. R. 1991. The atlas of Smilodon. Annual Meeting of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 1991 (Abstract #17).

Owen, P. R. 1992. Skeletal remains of a juvenile Bison sp. (extinct bison) from the Page Museum Salvage, Rancho La Brea. [Most likely Bison antiquus.]  In Steadman, et al (Eds.), Current Research in the Pleistocene: Paleoenvironments: Vertebrates, 1992 (9), (pp. 109-110).

Owen, P. R. 1993. A factor analytic approach to the functional assessment of the atlas-axis complex of Rancho La Brea carnivorans Smilodon fatalis and Canis dirus. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 13 (Supplement to #3), 51A. [Abstract].

Owen, P. R. 1994. Comparative morphology of the atlas-axis complex in large felids and canids of Rancho La Brea. Master of Science Thesis, California State University, Long Beach.

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Patterson, B, Segall, W., & Turnbull, W. D. 1989. The ear region in Xenarthrans (=Edentata: Mammalia): Part 1: Cingulates. Fieldiana: Geology, New Series No. 18, Publication 1405, 1-46. Field Museum of Natural History.

Peck, S. B., & Miller, S. E. 1980. Fossil Coleoptera from late Pleistocene asphalt deposits of Southern California. Sixteenth International Congress of Entomology Abstracts, Kyoto, Japan, (Abstract 1R-1, 1), 14.

Peck, S. B., & Miller, S. E. 1993. A catalog of the Coleoptera of America north of Mexico: Family: Silphidae. United States Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook No. 529-28, 1-24. [Includes specimens from Rancho La Brea.].

Pierce, W. D. 1945. A case of Pleistocene myiasis from the La Brea pits. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 44 (1), 8-9.

Pierce, W. D. 1946. Fossil arthropods of California: no. 10: Exploring the minute world of the California asphalt deposits. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 45 (3), 113-118.

Pierce, W. D. 1946. Fossil arthropods of California: no. 11: Descriptions of the dung beetles (Scarabaeidae) of the tar pits. [TYPE: Page/LACM: Palaeocopris labreae gen. et sp. nov.; Onthophagus everestae sp. nov.; Clopris pristinus sp. nov.; Canthon simplex antiquus ssp. nov.: C. praticolus vetustus ssp. nov.] Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 45 (3), 119-131.

Pierce, W. D. 1946. Fossil arthropods of California: no. 12: Description of a Sericine beetle from the Tar Pits. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 45 (3), 131-132. [TYPE: Page/LACM: Serica kanakoffi sp. nov.]

Pierce, W. D. 1947. Fossil arthropods of California: no. 13: A progress report on the Rancho La Brea asphaltum studies. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 46 (3), 136-143.

Pierce, W. D. 1947. Fossil arthropods of California: no. 14: A progress report on the McKittrick Asphalt Field. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 47 (3), 138-143.

Pierce, W. D. 1948. Fossil arthropods of California: no. 16: The Carabid genus Elaphrus in the asphalt deposits. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 47 (2), 53-55. [TYPE: Page/LACM: Elaphrus ruscarius foveatus ssp. nov.]

Pierce, W. D. (1949. Fossil arthropods of California: no. 17: The Silphid burying beetles in the asphalt deposits. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 48 (2), 55-70. [TYPE: Page/LACM: Nicrophorus mckittricki sp. nov.; N. obtusiscutellum sp. nov.; N. guttulus labreae ssp. nov.; N. g. punctostriatus ssp. nov.; N. investigator alpha ssp. nov.]

Pierce, W. D. 1949. A modern asphalt seep tells a story. Los Angeles County Museum Quarterly, 7 (3), 12-17

Pierce, W. D. 1953. Significance of insect remains in asphalt deposits. In A. J. Eardley (Ed.), Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 37 (1), (188-189). [Bound volume.]

Pierce, W. D. 1954. Fossil arthropods of California: no. 18: The Tenebrionidae-Tentyriinae of the asphalt deposits. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 53 (1), 35-45.

Pierce, W. D. 1954. Fossil arthropods of California: no. 19: The Tenebrionidae-Scaurinae of the asphalt deposits. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 53 (2), 93-98.

Pierce, W. D. 1954. Fossil arthropods of California: no. 20: The Tenebrionidae-Coniontinae of the asphalt deposits. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 53 (3), 142-156. [TYPE: Page/LACM: Coniontis blissi sp. nov.; C. remnans sp. nov.; C. abdominalis caseyi ssp. nov.; C. a. labreae ssp. nov.; C. a. fragmans ssp. nov.; C. tristis alpha ssp. nov.; C. t. asphalti ssp. nov.; C. t. latigula ssp. nov.; C. pectoralis paraelliptica ssp. nov.; C. p. interrupta ssp. nov.]

Pierce, W. D. 1957. Insects. Geological Society of America Memoirs, 67, 943-952.

Pierce, W. D. 1961. The growing importance of Paleoentomology. Entomological Society of Washington, 63 (3), 211-217.

Prothero, D. R. 2012. Cenozoic mammals and climate change: The contrast between coarse-scale versus high-resolution studies explained by species sorting. Geosciences, 2012 (2) 25-41. Retrieved from www.mdpi.com/journal/geosciences.  DOI: 10.3390/geosciences2020025.

Prothero, D. R. & Foss, S. E. (Eds.). 2007. The evolution of the Artiodactyls. Baltimore, MD: The John’s Hopkins University Press.

Prothero, D. R. Raymond, K., Madan, M. A., Fragomeni, A., DeSantis, S. N., & Syverson, 2011. Bergmann’s rule: Climate change, and stasis in late Pleistocene mammals and birds from Rancho La Brea. Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN, (Oct. 2011). [Abstracts]  

Prothero, D. R. & Raymond, K. R. 2011. Stasis in late Pleistocene ground sloth (Paramylodon harlani) from Rancho La Brea Tar Pits, California. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science, Bulletin # 53, 624-628.

Prothero, D. R., & Schoch, R. M. (Eds.). 1989. The evolution of the Perissodactyls. New York: Oxford University Press.

Quinn, J. P. 1991. Stratigraphic analysis of the late Pleistocene Rancho La Brea deposits. Annual Meeting of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 1991 (Abstract # 3).

Quinn, J. P. 1992. Rancho La Brea: Geologic setting, late Quaternary depositional patterns and mode of fossil accumulation. In E. G. Heaph, & W. L. Lewis (Eds.), South Coast Geological Society annual field trip guide book, no. 20: The regressive Pleistocene shoreline Southern California, (pp. 221-232). South Coast Geological Society.

Quinn, J. P. 1992. The geologic setting of Rancho La Brea. Terra Magazine, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, 31 (1), 38-41.

Raab, M. L. and J. F. Porcasi. 1994. Memorial to Roy Arnold Salls (1934-1993). Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 16 (2):146-148.

Raftery, P. 1979. Nonmarine ostracodes from Rancho La Brea. Annual Meeting of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 1979 (Abstract #60), 30.

Radinsky, L. & Emerson, S. 1982. The late, great sabertooths: Paleontologists wonder how these prehistoric animals killed their prey and why they evolved more than once. Natural History, 91 (4), 50-57. New York: American Museum of Natural History.

Randau, J. A. 1967. Making prehistory at the La Brea Tar Pits. Westways Magazine, 59 (8), 33-35. Los Angeles: Automobile Club of Southern California.

Raymond, K. R. & Prothero, D. 2010. Stasis in late Pleistocene Bison from Rancho La Brea tar pits over the last glacial-interglacial cycle. Society of Vertebrate Paleontology, 70th Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA. [Abstract].

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Tate, B. 1995. Evidence for atlatls at Rancho La Brea. The Atlatl: The Newsletter of the World Atlatl Association, Incorporated, 8 (4), 1-3.

Taylor, W. P. 1911. A new antelope from the Pleistocene of Rancho La Brea. University of California Publications, Bulletin of the Department of Geology/University of California Publications in Geology, 6 (10). In A. C. Lawson, & J. C. Merriam (Eds.), University of California Publications in Geological Sciences, 1910-1911, (pp. 191-197).

Tejada-Flores, A. E. 1979. Smilodon hyoids from Rancho La Brea. Annual Meeting of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 1979 (Abstract #91), 46

Tejada-Flores, A. E. & Shaw, C. A. 1984. Tooth replacement and skull growth in Smilodon from Rancho La Brea. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 4 (1), 114-121.

Templeton, B. C. 1955. Fossil plants in the La Brea deposits. Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History Quarterly, 12 (1), 8-11.

Templeton, B. C. 1964. The fruits and seeds of the Rancho La Brea Pleistocene deposits. Doctoral Dissertation, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.

Therrien, F. 2006. Mandibular force profiles of extant carnivorans and implications for the feeding behaviour of extinct predators. Journal of Zoology 267 (3):249-270.

Thomas, R. (Writer), Colan, G. (Artist), & Lee, S. (Ed.). 1970. Trapped in the Tar Pits of death! Daredevil, 66 (July 1970). New York: Marvel Comics Group.

Thompson, S. E. 1995. Death trap: The story of the La Brea tar pits. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Company.

Thorpe, W. H. 1930. The biology of the petroleum fly (Psilopa petrolii, Coq.). Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, 78, 331-344.

Thorpe, W. H. 1931. The biology of the petroleum fly. Science Magazine, 73, 101-103.

Thurber, J. M. and R. O. Peterson. 1991. Changes in body size associated with range expansion in the coyote (Canis latrans). Journal of Mammalogy 72: 750-755.

Tieje, A. J. 1926. The Pliocene and Pleistocene history of the Baldwin Hills, Los Angeles County, California. Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 10, 502-512.

Valentine, V. W. & Lipps, J. H. 1970. Marine fossils at Rancho La Brea. Science Magazine, 169, 277-278.

Valle, T. 2012. Fossil Phrynosoma (horned lizard) from Project 23, Rancho La Brea. The Annual Meeting of the Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, 2012. Arizona Museum of Natural History. [Abstract].

Van Valkenburgh, B. 1994. Tough times in the tar pits. Natural History 4: 84-85

Van Valkenburgh, B. 1987. Skeletal indicators of locomotor behavior in living and extinct carnivores. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 7: 162-182.

Van Valkenburgh, B. 2001. A Review of Past and Present Carnivore Community Dynamics. Meat-eating and human evolution, 2, 101.

Van Valkenburgh, B. 2009. Costs of carnivory: tooth fracture in Pleistocene and Recent carnivorans. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 96(1), 68-81.

Van Valkenburgh, B., Hertel, F., & Anyonge, W. 1991. Feeding behavior of Smilodon: Evidence from dental microwear and tooth fracture frequencies. Annual Meeting of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, Abstracts, 1991

Van Valkenburgh, B. & Hertel, F. 1993. Tough times at La Brea: Tooth breakage in large carnivores of the late Pleistocene. Science Magazine, 261, 456-459.

Van Valkenburgh, B. and Hertel, F. 1998. The decline of North American predators during the Late Pleistocene. In: J.J. Saunders, B.W. Styles, and G.F. Baryshnikov (Eds.) Quaternary paleozoology in the Northern Hemisphere Illinois State Museum Scientific Papers Springfield, Illinois 27: 357-374.

Van Valkenburgh, B., Hertel, F., & Anyonge, W. 1991. Feeding behavior of Smilodon: Evidence from dental microwear and tooth fracture frequencies. Annual Meeting of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, Abstracts, 1991.

VanValkenburgh, B., Maddox, T., Funston, P. J., Mills, M. G. L., Grether, G. F. & Carbone, C. 2009. Sociality in Rancho La Brea Smilodon: Arguments favour ‘evidence’ over ‘coincidence’. Biology Letters, 5 (March, 2009), 563-564.

Van Valkenburgh, B., and C. B. Ruff. 1987.  Canine tooth strength and killing behavior in large carnivores.  Journal of  Zoology 212:379-397.

Van Valkenburgh, B., and T. Sacco, T., 2002.  Sexual dimorphism, social behavior, and intrasexual competition in large Pleistocene carnivorans.  Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology 22, 164-169.

Van Valkenburgh, B., Teaford, M. F., & Walker, A. 1990. Molar microwear and diet in large carnivores: Inferences concerning diet in the sabretooth cat, Smilodon fatalis.  Journal of Zoology, London, 222, 319-340.

Waldo, E. 1958. Wildlife of yesteryear. Louisiana Conservationist, Wildlife Bulletin, 68, 1-7.

Walker, D. N.  2000. Pleistocene and Holocene records of Antilocapra Americana: a review of the FAUNMAP data. Plains Anthropologist 45: 13-28.

Ward, J, K., Harris, J. K., Cerling, T. E., Weidenhoeft, A., Lott, M. J., Dearing, M., Coltrain J. B. & Ehleringer J.R. 2005. Carbon starvation in glacial trees recovered from the La Brea tar pits, southern California. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102, 690-694.

Wärmländer, S. K. T. S., S. B. Sholts, J. M. Erlandsen, T. Gjerdrim, and R. Westerholm. 2011. Could the health decline of prehistoric California Indians be related to exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from natural bitumen. Environmental Health Perspectives

Warter, J. K. 1976. Late Pleistocene plant communities – Evidence from the Rancho La Brea tar pits. Symposium Proceedings on Plant Communities of Southern California, Special Publication of the California Native Plant Society, 2, 32-39.

Warter, J. K. 1979. The environment of Pit 91, Rancho La Brea, as interpreted by plant remains. Annual Meeting of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 1979 (Abstract #87), 44.

Webb, S. D. 1965. The osteology of Camelops. Bulletin of the Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History, Science, 1, 1-54.

Webb, S. D. 1974. The status of Smilodon in the Florida Pleistocene. In S. D. Webb (Ed.), Pleistocene mammals of Florida (pp. 149-153). Gainesville, FL: University of Florida Press.

Webb. S. D. 1989. Faunal dynamics of Pleistocene mammals. Annual Review of Earth Planet Science, 17, 413-438.

Weber, D., Marquez, B.A., Taylor, C., Raya, P., Nwachuku, I., Fusco, K., Morales, F. & Doezema, L. 2016. Macroseepage of methane and light alkanes at the La Brea Tar Pits in Los Angeles. Journal of Atmospheric ChemistryDOI:10.1007/s10874-016-9346-4

Webster, R. 1979. Birding the Tar Pits – 12,000 B. C. Los Angeles Audubon Society, 45 (10), 1-5.

Wheeler, H. T. 2000. Confirmation of saber-tooth killing bite theories by re-enactment. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 20 (Supplement to #3), 79A. [Abstract.].

Wheeler, H. T. 2002. Sexual dimorphism in Smilodon at Rancho La Brea from post-cranial elements. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 22 (Supplement to #3), 119A. [Abstract.]

Wheeler, H. T. 2004. Machairodont canine functional morphology is about more than saber shape: The varied role of the incisors in different killing bite models. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 24 (Supplement to #3), 129A. [Abstract.]

Wheeler, H. T. 2010. Experimental paleontology of the scimitar-tooth and dirk-tooth killing bites. In V. L. Naples, L. D. Martin, & J. P. Babiarz (Eds.), H. T. Wheeler (Graphics Ed.) The Other Saber-tooths: Scimitar-tooth cats of the Western Hemisphere (pp. 18-33). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Wheeler, H. T., & Jefferson, G. T. 2001. Selection bias in the predator collection from Rancho La Brea. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 21 (Supplement to #3), 113A. [Abstract.].

Wheeler, H. T., & Jefferson, G. T. 2003. Fossil evidence of social behavior at Rancho La Brea by Panthera atrox between 14 and 11 KYR B. P. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 23 (Supplement to #3), 109A. [Abstract.].

Wheeler, H. T., & Jefferson, G. T. 2005. Tabulation and significance of limb proportions of Panthera atrox from the late Pleistocene of North America. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 25 (Supplement to #3), 129A. [Abstract.].

Wheeler, H. T. & Jefferson, G. T. 2009. Panthera atrox: Body proportions, size, sexual dimorphism, and behavior of the cursorial lion of the North American plains. In L. B. Albright, III (Ed.), Papers on geology, vertebrate paleontology, and biostratigraphy in honor of Michael O. Woodburne. Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin 65, Flagstaff, Arizona.

Wheeler, H. T., Riviere, H. L., Fremd, T. J., & Babiarz, J. P. 2004. Convergent evolution in the enamel and gingival of the nimravid Pogonodon and the felid Smilodon revealed in new material from John Day Fossil Beds National Monument. Geological Society of America, Annual Meeting, Denver, November 7-10, 2004, Abstracts with Programs 36 (Paper #20-4), 53.

Wheeler, R. F. 1993. Morphological variation in Smilodon fatalis crania from Rancho La Brea. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 13 (Supplement to # 3), 62A. [Abstract.].

Wheeler, R. F. 1993. A systematic survey of Smilodon fatalis skulls from Rancho La Brea. Current Research in the Pleistocene, 10, 112-115.

Whistler, D. P. 1989. Late Pleistocene chipmunk, Tamias (Mammalia: Scuiridae), from Rancho La Brea, Los Angeles, California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 88 (3), 117-122.

Willoughby, D. 1948. A statistical study of the metapodials of Equus occidentalis Leidy. Bull. Southern California Acad. Sci, 47, 84-94.

Wilson, M. C. 1991. The La Brea bison: Dentitions, population dynamics, and taxonomy.  Annual Meeting of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 1991, (Abstract #12).

Winans, M. C. 1985. Revision of North American fossil species of the genus Equus (Mammalia: Perissodactyla: Equidae). Doctoral Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin.

Winans, M. C. 1989. A quantitative study of North American fossil species of the genus Equus. In D. R. Prothero, & R. M. Schoch (Eds.). The evolution of the Perissodactyls (pp.262-297). New York: Oxford University Press.

Winans, M. C., & Winans, R. C. 1982. Measuring systems, techniques, and equipment to taphonomic studies. University of California Los Angeles, Archaeological Research Tools, Institute of Archaeology, 2, 45-58.

Woodard, A. 1937. Atlatl dart foreshafts from the La Brea pits. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 36 (2), 41-59.

Woodard, G. D., & Marcus, L. F. 1971. Late Pleistocene stratigraphy, Rancho La Brea fossil deposits, Los Angeles, California. Geological Society of America, 3 (2), 218. [Abstract].

Woodard, G. D., & Marcus, L. F. 1973. Rancho La Brea fossil deposits: A re-evaluation from stratigraphic and geological evidence. Journal of Paleontology, 47 (1), 54-69.

Woodard, G. D., & Marcus, L. F. 1976. Reliability of late Pleistocene correlation using C-14 dating: Baldwin Hills—Rancho La Brea, Los Angeles, California. Journal of Paleontology, 50 (1), 128-132.

Wright, E. J. 1973. Making bones about it. Westways Magazine, 65 (12), 2-4. Los Angeles: Automobile Club of Southern California.

Wright, T. 1987. Geological setting of the Rancho La Brea tar pits. In AAPG Pacific Section 2009 - Petroleum Geology of Coastal Southern California (1987), pp. 87-91.

Wyckoff, R. W. G. 1964. Proteins from Rancho La Brea fossils. Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History Quarterly, 2 (4), 11.

Wyckoff, R. W., & Davidson, F. D. 1973. Gelatinized pleistocene collagen. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Comparative Biochemistry, 46(1), 143-146.

Wyckoff, R. W. G., & Doberenz, A. R. 1965. The electron microscopy of Rancho La Brea bone. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 53 (2), 230-233.

Wyckoff, R. W. G., McCaughey, W. F., & Doberenz, A. R.  1964. The amino acid composition of proteins from Pleistocene bones. Biochemical Biophysica Acta, 93, 374-377.

Wyckoff, R. W. G., Wagner, E., Matter, P., III, & Doberenz, A. R. 1963. Collagen in fossil bone. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 50 (2), 215-218.

Wyman, L. E. 1918. Notes on the Pleistocene fossils obtained from Rancho La Brea asphalt pits. Los Angeles Museum, Miscellaneous Publications, 2, 1-35. (Revised 1922 and 1926.).

Wyman, L. E. 1926. Museum sketches: An unwieldy exhibit explained. Los Angeles Museum Graphic, 1 (1), 32-34.

Wyman, L. E. 1927. La Brea in retrospect. Los Angeles Museum Graphic, 1 (3) 82-87.

Wysocki, M. A., Feranec, R. S., Tseng, Z. J., & Bjornsson, C. S. 2015. Using a Novel Absolute Ontogenetic Age Determination Technique to Calculate the Timing of Tooth Eruption in the Saber-Toothed Cat, Smilodon fatalis. PloS one,10(7). e0129847. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0129847

Young, F. B., & Cooper, A. L. 1926. Evidence of diseases as shown in fossil and prehistoric remains: Paleopathology. Transactions of the Section on Pathology and Physiology of the American Medical Association, 1926, 1-11.

Young, F. B., & Cooper, A. L. (1927). A study in paleopathology. Radiology: Journal of the Radiological Society of North America, March, 1-11.

Zechmeister, L., & Lijinsky, W. (1953). Some neutral constituents of a natural tar originating from the La Brea pits. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 47 (2), 391-395.

Zhao, Y., Boone, D. R., Mah, R. A., Boone, J. E., & Xun, L. 1989. Isolation and characterization of Methanocorpusculum labreanum sp. nov. from the La Brea tar pits. [Non-fossil.]. International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology, 39 (1), 10-13.

Many of the Contributions in Science articles are available to download

If you have any questions or have a copy of a pertinent Rancho La Brea publication that is not on this list please contact the Collections Manager

Current Excavations

We excavate seven days a week at the tar pits, because of the extraordinary number of fossils still in the ground.

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early excavations

Excavating at Rancho La Brea is over 100 years old

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